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Number of companies that applied for Defence Order benefits but were not approved
Number of tourism companies that benefited from the protection program “Himayeh”
Number of tourism workers who benefited from the economic empowerment “Tamkeen 2” advance payment
Number of tourism workers who benefited from the sustainability program “Estidama”
Number of tourism companies that benefited from the sustainability program “Estidama”
Dana*, aged 33, worked in the tourism sector from 2007 until the end of 2020, when she was forcefully laid off. Four months prior to the pandemic, Dana signed an open contract as a business development consultant with a monthly salary of JD 1500. However, at the beginning of the pandemic, the company she used to work for, forced its 20 employees to sign new fixed-term contracts until the end of 2020. Such a procedure violates the Defense Order according to advocate Muath Al-Momani. The company has also failed to pay its employees their salaries as stipulated by the Defense Laws for the months of March and April, due to insufficient funds.
Commenting on the cases of the arbitrary termination of contracts mentioned in this report, Al-Momani states that “any other action taken is unlawful and is considered a violation of the Defense Orders and communiques. Article 4 of Communique No. 7 under Defence Order No. 6 stipulates that “In accordance with this communique and as long as the Defense Law remains in use, a Jordanian worker’s fixed-term contract is renewed automatically unless an agreement for its extension has been reached.”
In accordance with this communique and as long as the Defense Law remains in use, a Jordanian worker’s fixed-term contract is renewed automatically unless an agreement for its extension has been reached, provided that:
The contract had ended on April 30th, 2020 or later
The contract had been previously renewed three times or more
Saleem*, the owner of a travel agency, says that in August of 2020, he was forced to shut down after reaching an agreement with his employees to submit their resignations, with the hope that they would return to work after circumstances improve. Saleem says that the lack of support from the government in addition to its capricious decisions caused confusion among agency owners and drove them towards shutting down.
He did not submit an application for suspension to the Ministry of Labor and found it sufficient to explain the situation to his eight employees who agreed to submit their resignations adding: “my employees were more cooperative than the government. They understood the dire situation and readily submitted their resignations.”
As a result of the pandemic, 307 out of 800 travel agencies failed to renew their licences until April 2021. About ten thousand workers were employed by these travel agencies located across the country’s twelve governorates.
Mohammad and his colleagues asked their agency owners to reinstate their employment and social security enrolment to enable them to benefit from its protection plan, even agreeing to a reduction in wages. Mohammad quotes the Hadith: “Little is better than abundance that does not last”.
Communique No. 18 under Defense Order No. 6 regarding the regulation of wages in the private sector ordered the payment of 75% of a worker’s monthly salary for the period between December, 2020 and May, 2021, in sectors mostly affected by the pandemic, including the wages of upper management.