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M16

Palestinian Crimes Carried out with Israeli Military Weapons

Najma Hijazi 02/03/2022

Giving weapons to certain elements or to members of a sect may prove beneficial to us, as it will lead to tension among the various sectors of Arab society and would allow us to control them

The Coordination Committee of the Israeli Security Services, 1952, quoted in the book, Good Arabs: The Israeli Security Agencies and the Israeli Arabs, 1948–1967 by Hillel Cohen

M. B. hails from one of Al-Shaghour villages in the Palestinian territories occupied by Israel in 1948. He was asked why he shot his relative and deprived him of the ability to walk: His answer was, “If I wanted to kill him, I would have done so, but my goal was to paralyze him so that he would be tormented and remember the incident for the rest of his life.” He adds, “The Israeli police does not help us, so we take the law into our own hands. I warned him repeatedly, but he did not listen. We do not go to the police to solve our problems. Nowadays, you have to take your rights by force: I will not have mercy on anyone because no one showed me any mercy.”

According to data issued by the Israeli police, M. B.’s shooting of his relative is one of thousands of cases that were documented in one year in different regions due to the spread of weapons in the areas where Arab Israelis, also known as 1948 Palestinians live in Israel.

The investigator documented cases of murder and attempted murder in which the perpetrators used weapons sold by Israeli soldiers. The weapons in question could only be available to members of the Israeli armed forces. These have unique serial numbers and are not usually available for sale. In the absence of oversight by the Israeli military, the number of killings in Palestinian populated areas in Israel has gone up.

The Source of Weapons

The State Comptroller oversees the process of monitoring the executive authority, the local authorities and other public bodies established by law in Israel. According to the State Comptroller, the origins of the weapons used by Palestinians in shooting incidents vary: Some of these are smuggled from neighboring countries, and some are bought from Israeli conscripts while others are manufactured locally.

M. B. insists that he bought a weapon from an Israeli soldier called K. S. Judicial documents show that a soldier was prosecuted for selling another officer’s weapon referred to as A. Sh. on the indictment record. This was an M16 automatic rifle, which he had stolen from the camp, and it is the same type of weapon that M. B. used in the shooting incident.

Soldiers’ Cases
Palestinians’ Cases
Case number
6/14/20375
184-18
16\14
471\14
339/17
498/13
31498-01-16
46\19
34\13
49\15
92/11
99/11
430/12
38/70
817\12
465\12
461\03
79\14
66\17
240\18
119\16
1757\18
Case number : 6/14/20375
The Magistrate's Court
May 2017

Case summary

A soldier lent his weapon to Palestinians who used it to resolve an issue in the village

Offenses

Lending a gun in violation of the law

Facts about the Case

Yoram Al-Obeid is a soldier in the Israeli army and knew Obeida Zabarqa and Osama Al-Aymi. He lent them his M16 sometime before April 27, 2017 on a date unknown to the prosecution. They used the soldier’s weapon to resolve a problem in the village and fired several shots from Yoram’s weapon who accompanied them in the car in order to scare the other party involved in the problem that occurred in the village of Laqiya.

Type and number of weapons

One M16

Sold to a Palestinian person: (Yes, No)

No

The verdict

House arrest

Date of The verdict

1\6\2017

Case number : 184-18
The Central Court
5/1/2018

Case summary

------

Offenses

Offenses: Possession of a weapon in violation of Law 144(B) of the Penal Code and taking a weapon out of the army camp in violation of Article (78) of the Military Tribunal

Facts about the Case

The soldier Daniel Daqour stole an M16 from his peer in the army camp. He hid the weapon and left the camp. On the way, the army police arrested him red-handed.

Type and number of weapons

One M16

Sold to a Palestinian person: (Yes, No)

No

The verdict

33 months of imprisonment and two years of conditional arrest

Date of The verdict

10/21/2018

Case number : 16\14
The Central Court
23\12\2013

Case summary

He stole his weapon and sold it to a Palestinian

Offenses

Lending a weapon 1. in violation of Article (78) of the Military Court Law 2. Trading in weapons in violation of Article 144(B) of the Penal Code 3. Removing property from the army camp in violation of Article (77) A of the Military Court Law.

Facts about the Case

On March 23 2013, and in a premeditated plan, the defendant got into the car of the citizen Basim Ayyash Al-Sayyid in his residential area and went to the camp. The car stopped close to the camp’s gates and the defendant went inside. He headed to a storage facility in the camp, which he knew held weapons and asked for the weapons from First Sergeant Bin Mossib who was there. By using the borrowed name of Ayman Al-Qisha’ar, he had obtained the signature from “Kifa’a”, that is a service unit in the Israeli army. In this way, he obtained the weapon. The defendant left the camp and went back to the car where Ayyash was waiting, and they went to Be’er Sheva. When they arrived at the gas station at the entrance of the city, Ayyash exited the car. The defendant stayed in the car with the weapon. After a short while, Ayyash returned to the car and gave the defendant 15,000 Shekels for the weapon. Then, they traveled to the town of Hura. There, the defendant stepped off Ayyash’s car and kept the weapon in the vehicle. The weapon was not found or returned to the Israeli army authorities.

Type and number of weapons

One M16

Sold to a Palestinian person: (Yes, No)

Yes

The verdict

62 months of imprisonment; 18 months of conditional imprisonment if the defendant repeats the offenses within two years; and a compensation fee

Date of The verdict

19\08\2014

Case number : 471\14
The Central Court
8/21/2014

Case summary

The soldier stole a weapon from the army camp and hid it

Offenses

Taking a weapon out of the army camp in violation of Article (78) of the Military Tribunal

Facts about the Case

The Israeli conscript, or the defendant, stole the personal weapon of Sergeant Hai Sa’ada. After three days, he moved it to his house and hid it in the dirt after dismantling it into three pieces.

Type and number of weapons

Not mentioned

Sold to a Palestinian person: (Yes, No)

No

The verdict

30 months of imprisonment; 24 months of conditional imprisonment if the defendant repeats the offense; and a demotion

Date of The verdict

2/5/2015

Case number : 339/17
The Magistrate’s Court
May 2017

Case summary

A soldier lent his weapon to Palestinians who used it to resolve an issue in the village

Offenses

Lending a gun in violation of the law

Facts about the Case

Yoram Al-Obeid is a soldier in the Israeli Defense Forces and knew Obeida Zabarqa and Osama Al-Aymi. He lent them his M16 sometime before April 27, 2017 on a date unknown to the prosecution. They used the soldier’s weapon to resolve a problem in the village and fired several shots from Yoram’s weapon who accompanied them in the car in order to scare the other party involved in the problem that occurred in the village of Laqiya.

Type and number of weapons

One M16

Sold to a Palestinian person: (Yes, No)

No

The verdict

House arrest for six months/ a year

Date of The verdict

1\6\2017

Case number : 498/13
The Central Court
7/8/2017

Case summary

Stealing a weapon from the army camp

Offenses

Removing property from the army camp in violation of Article (77) A of the Military Tribunal

Facts about the Case

The defendant was searched at the train station because he was under suspicion. He was in possession of weapons and their gear, which he had stolen from his peers in the army camp. These included the handle of an M16, four Tavor barrels, other gear for an M16 rifle and a micro Tavor.

Type and number of weapons

One M16 and other gear

Sold to a Palestinian person: (Yes, No)

No

The verdict

60 days of imprisonment; 30 days of imprisonment with work in the army; and a conditional prison sentence of 90 days if the defendant repeats the offense within three years

Date of The verdict

8/8/2017

Case number : 31498-01-16
The Central Court
2013

Case summary

Removing a weapon from the army camp in violation of Article (78) of the Military Tribunal and possession of a weapon in violation of Law 144(B) of the Penal Code

Offenses

Taking a weapon out of the army camp in violation of Article (78) of the Military Court Law and possession of a weapon in violation of Law 144(B) of the Penal Code

Facts about the Case

The defendant stole two weapons from the camp where he served and sold one for 30,000 Shekels to an undisclosed party. He used to work in a weapons storage facility and took advantage of a typo in order to steal the weapon and sell it.

Type and number of weapons

Not mentioned

Sold to a Palestinian person: (Yes, No)

Unknown party

The verdict

7 years of imprisonment; 12 years of suspended imprisonment if the defendant repeats the offense within three years of the day of his release; and a fine of 18,000 Shekels

Date of The verdict

2/17/2014

Case number : 46\19
The Central Court
17\1\2016

Case summary

Taking a weapon out of the army camp in order to sell it

Offenses

Theft in violation of Article (384) of the Penal Code and carrying and transporting a weapon in violation of Article 144(B) of the Penal Code

Facts about the Case

The soldier is a conscript who was 20 years old. He took advantage of his position and the ease of access to the storage facility of weapons and gear. He stole three m7290 “Stun Flash Bang” grenades and 400 explosive devices.

Type and number of weapons

Three m7290 Stun Grenades

Sold to a Palestinian person: (Yes, No)

He stole the weapons in order to sell them to an unknown party

The verdict

18 months of imprisonment and 12 months of a suspended sentence if the defendant repeats the offense within three years

Date of The verdict

7/5/2017

Case number : 34\13
The Central Court
12/1/2018

Case summary

report on the theft of a weapon by a soldier

Offenses

Failure to guard the weapon in violation of Article (80) of the Military Court Law and inappropriate behavior in violation of Article (130) of the Military Court Law

Facts about the Case

On 29/11/2018, the soldier went on vacation while in possession of his M4 rifle. He traveled to Pardes Hanna, and his friends took him to a night club. When the soldier left the club two hours later, he did not find his weapon in the car.

Type and number of weapons

One piece of M4 rifle

Sold to a Palestinian person: (Yes, No)

No

The verdict

25 days of imprisonment with work in the army; 3,000 Shekels in compensation to be paid to the army; and three months of imprisonment with a suspended sentence if he repeats the offense

Date of The verdict

5/2/2019

Case number : 49\15
the Court of Appeals
8/20/2013

Case summary

A soldier stole a fellow soldier’s weapon

Offenses

Taking a weapon out of the army camp in violation of Article (78)

Facts about the Case

A soldier stole a peer’s weapon and hid it in order to get it out of the camp

Type and number of weapons

M16

Sold to a Palestinian person: (Yes, No)

No

The verdict

Arrest until the procedures are completed

Date of The verdict

22\8\2013

Case number : 92/11
The Court of Appeals
2014

Case summary

Taking a weapon out of the army camp

Offenses

Taking a weapon out of the army camp in violation of Article (78) of the Military Court Law

Facts about the Case

Taking a weapon out of the army camp

Type and number of weapons

Explosives

Sold to a Palestinian person: (Yes, No)

No

The verdict

He is prohibited from possessing weapons for a period of nine months. He will have to pay a fine of 5,000 Shekels, and he will be demoted.

Date of The verdict

10/8/2015

Case number : 92/11
The Court of Appeals
2011

Case summary

Taking a weapon out of the army camp in order to sell it

Offenses

Taking a weapon out of the army camp in violation of Article (78) and firing shots in violation of Article 144(B)

Facts about the Case

-------

Type and number of weapons

Tavor rifle

Sold to a Palestinian person: (Yes, No)

No

The verdict

7 years of imprisonment and 3 years of imprisonment on a suspended sentence

Date of The verdict

11/16/2011

Case number : 430/12
The Military Court of Appeals
5/26/2008

Case summary

Breaking into an officer’s room, stealing two weapons and taking them out of the army camp

Offenses

Taking a weapon out of the army camp in violation of Article (78)

Facts about the Case

Breaking into the officer’s room, stealing two weapons and taking them out of the army camp

Type and number of weapons

Not mentioned

Sold to a Palestinian person: (Yes, No)

No

The verdict

5 years of imprisonment

Date of The verdict

11/4/2011

Case number : 38/70
The Central Military Court
2012

Case summary

A soldier’s weapon was stolen and taken out of the camp

Offenses

Taking a weapon out of the army camp in violation of Article (78)

Facts about the Case

A soldier’s weapon was stolen and taken out of the camp

Type and number of weapons

Not mentioned

Sold to a Palestinian person: (Yes, No)

No

The verdict

5 years of imprisonment and 3 years of imprisonment on a suspended sentence if the offense was to be repeated

Date of The verdict

8/4/2013

Case number : 817\12
The Military Court of Appeals
-

Case summary

Stealing weapons and selling them

Offenses

Taking a weapon out of the army camp in violation of Article (75) and firing shots in violation of Article 144(B)

Facts about the Case

The soldier sold weapons at different times: He sold grenades for 5,800 Shekels and sold other weapons for 27,000 Shekels.

Type and number of weapons

Hand grenades and light guns

Sold to a Palestinian person: (Yes, No)

Sold to an unknown party

The verdict

6 years of imprisonment

Date of The verdict

3/27/2008

Case number : 465\12
The Central Military Court
2012

Case summary

Taking a weapon out of the army camp in order to sell it

Offenses

Taking a weapon out of the army in violation of Article (78)

Facts about the Case

Taking a weapon out of the army and selling it for 15,000 Shekels

Type and number of weapons

M 16

Sold to a Palestinian person: (Yes, No)

Yes

The verdict

60 months of imprisonment and 30 months on a suspended sentence if he repeats the offense within 3 years

Date of The verdict

7/15/2013

Case number : 461\03
The Central Military Court
---

Case summary

Taking a weapon out of the army camp

Offenses

Taking a weapon out of the army camp in violation of Article (78) of the Military Court Law; inappropriate behavior for the rank of captain in violation of Article (130) of the Military Court Law; and communicating with someone to commit fraud in violation of Article (440)

Facts about the Case

Taking a weapon out of the army camp for an arranged deal which would not be completed until the soldier and his two friends who found the buyer received an advance payment in full. One of the soldier’s partners hid the weapon and did not return it. When the soldier lost hope in finding the weapon, he notified the police that his weapon had disappeared.

Type and number of weapons

Tavor rifle

Sold to a Palestinian person: (Yes, No)

Theft for the purpose of selling the weapon

The verdict

One year of imprisonment; one year of a suspended prison sentence if the defendant repeats the offense within two years from the day of his release; a fine of 15,000 Shekels; and a demotion

Date of The verdict

5\03\2013

Case number : 79\14
The Military Court in the North
14\7\13

Case summary

Taking a weapon out of the camp in order to sell it

Offenses

Taking a weapon out of the camp in violation of Article (78)

Facts about the Case

A soldier stole his peer’s weapon in order to sell it

Type and number of weapons

M16

Sold to a Palestinian person: (Yes, No)

Theft for the purpose of selling the weapon

The verdict

3 months of imprisonment and 6 months of a suspended prison sentence if he repeats the offense

Date of The verdict

21\8\03

Case number : 66\17
The Military Court of Appeals
October 2012

Case summary

The person stole a gun with the help of relatives and sold it

Offenses

Violation of Articles (78) and (63) of the Military Court Law and Articles 499(B), 402 (B) and 29(B) of the Penal Code

Facts about the Case

The conscript contacted two members of his family, Yehya and Hussein Ghadir, in order to steal a weapon from the camp with the aim of selling it. Four M16 rifles were stolen while threatening the guard. The weapons were hidden in an olive orchard owned by his family

Type and number of weapons

Four pieces of M16 rifles

Sold to a Palestinian person: (Yes, No)

Theft for the purpose of selling the weapon

The verdict

8 years of imprisonment; a suspended prison sentence; a fine of 8,000 Shekels; and a demotion

Date of The verdict

23\7\15

Case number : 240\18
The Central Military Court
9\2\2017

Case summary

Taking a weapon out of the camp in order to sell it

Offenses

Taking a weapon out of the camp in violation of Articles (78) and 144(B)

Facts about the Case

The person took his girlfriend’s weapon out of the camp in order to sell it. It was not recovered or found.

Type and number of weapons

M16 rifle

Sold to a Palestinian person: (Yes, No)

Theft for the purpose of selling the weapon

The verdict

52 months of imprisonment

Date of The verdict

20\6\2017

Case number : 119\16
The Central Military Court
26\6\2018

Case summary

Taking a weapon out of the camp in order to sell it

Offenses

Trading in weapons in violation of Article 144(B) and theft in violation of Articles (383) and (384)

Facts about the Case

Stealing a fellow soldier’s weapon, taking it out of the camp and selling it

Type and number of weapons

wesson & Smith

Sold to a Palestinian person: (Yes, No)

Theft for the purpose of selling the weapon

The verdict

3 years of imprisonment

Date of The verdict

1\12\19

Case number : 1757\18
The Central Military Court
21\2\2016

Case summary

Taking several weapons out of the camp in order to sell them

Offenses

Violation of Article (78) and Article (131) of the Military Law Court

Facts about the Case

Theft of several M16 rifles in order to sell them

Type and number of weapons

M16 rifles

Sold to a Palestinian person: (Yes, No)

Theft for the purpose of selling the weapon

The verdict

12 months of imprisonment

Date of The verdict

9\8\2016

Case number
6/14/20375
38315-04-2015
267908
000275/03
Case number : 6/14/20375
The Central Court in Nazareth- Central
6/11/2014

Offenses

1. Communicating in order to carry out an offense / a crime in violation of Article 499(A)
2. Theft from a state employee in violation of Articles (390) and (29) of the Penal Code
3. Possession of a weapon in violation of Article 144(B) of the Law on Firing Shots in a Residential Area
4. Obstruction of legal procedures in violation of Article (244) of the Penal Code in addition to two violations committed by Defendant (1) only: These are driving without a license and driving without an insurance

Facts about the Case

Defendants (1) and (2) are cousins. Defendant (2), Walid Al-Afifi, was romantically involved with an Israeli soldier. After spending some time together at St. Gabriel Hotel in Nazareth, they left together by car. The soldier left her weapon at the hotel, and Walid’s cousin, Wael Bishara joined them. The defendants asked to see the soldier’s weapon. The three of them went back to the hotel, took the weapon and fired shots into the air. The two defendants asked the soldier to move the weapon to an unknown place. At the beginning, she refused because she feared the legal punishment, but her boyfriend, Walid, convinced her to do that. The two defendants hid the weapon, broke the car window and called the police to falsely report “the theft of a weapon.”

Type and number of weapons

M16

Bought from the army: (Yes, No):

They took it from the soldier with her consent

The verdict

Defendant No. (1)
1. 42 months of imprisonment in addition to a conditional imprisonment if the defendant commits any weapon-related offenses again within three years of his release
2. 9 months of imprisonment after his release if he should contact people to carry out a crime
3. Withdrawing the defendant’s driver's license for two years
4. A fine of 10,000 Shekels to be paid by Defendant (2), and 43 months of imprisonment, with 17 months of conditional imprisonment if the defendant should repeat any violation related to possession of a weapon for a period of three years
2. 6 months of a conditional imprisonment if the defendant contacts people in order to carry out a crime within three years
3. A fine of 8,000 Shekels

Date of The verdict

9/2/2015

Case number : 38315-04-2015
The Central Court in Nazareth- Central
-

Offenses

Possession of a weapon in violation of Articles 144(1) and Article (29) of the Penal Code

Type and number of weapons

M16

Bought from the army: (Yes, No)

They took it from the soldier with her consent

Facts about the Case

Abu Shaqra and Lerner are neighbors. Lerner repairs car tires, and Abu Shakra washes cars next to him. Anbar, the soldier, knows Lerner and told him that she needed a buyer for the backup weapon she had stolen from the army. Lerner offered the deal to Abu Shakra who agreed and said he had a buyer. The deal was completed for 25,000 Shekels.

The verdict

Ivanov Lerner received a sentence of 30 months in prison and 12 months of imprisonment on a suspended sentence if the offense should be repeated. Abu Shaqra received a sentence of 20 months in prison and 12 months of imprisonment on a suspended sentence if the offense should be repeated up to 3 years.

Date of The verdict

16\2\2016

Case number : 267908
The Court of Appeals- Appeal
-

Offenses

---

Facts about the Case

Mohammad and his friend planned to buy a weapon from an Israeli soldier residing in Laqiya. The two friends traveled with 25,000 Shekels. The soldier threatened them with a gun and stole the amount without completing the transaction.

Type and number of weapons

M16

Bought from the army: (Yes, No)

A scam

The verdict

Arrest until the procedures are completed

Date of The verdict

6/1/2008

Case number : 000275/03
The Central Court in Haifa - Central
-

Offenses

Possession of a weapon in violation of Articles 144(1) and 144(2)

Facts about the Case

Wadi’i visited his cousin who is a soldier at his military posting and asked for his weapon. He took it and did not return it.

Type and number of weapons

M 16

Bought from the army: (Yes, No)

Borrowed

The verdict

3 years of imprisonment and 2 years of imprisonment on a suspended sentence

Date of The verdict

10/19/2013

A report published by the State Comptroller in 2019 states that “The army camps continue to fail to collect intelligence about the theft of weapons, and the police have not gathered sufficient information about these incidents.”

A report issued in early May 2020 by the Israeli Ministry of Public Security explains the phenomenon of smuggled weapons: 93% of the investigation files in cases of thefts of weapons were closed by the Israeli authorities, 86% of these were closed because the identities of the suspects were unknown. The report covered the period between 2018 and 2024, and there were only two indictments out of the total number of cases.

A report by the Gun Free Kitchen Tables (GFKT) organization stresses that illegal weapons come from several sources, including the military, Police, border guards storage facilities as well as from regular serving soldiers.

Ayman Odeh, head of the Arab Joint List in the Israeli Parliament, the Knesset, accused the Israeli army of knowing that there were 400,000 weapons in the Palestinian territories occupied in 1948, and ​​that these had come from the army. He submitted requests to the Israeli Minister of Public Security and to the Chief of the Army’s General Staff to prevent this and said that he would file lawsuits about the issue.

The investigator interviewed two convicts in prison, and they assured her that they had purchased the guns from a policeman.

In early 2021, the Israeli army announced the theft of 93,000 bullets used in M4 and M16 weapons from an army camp in the south of the country. Preliminary investigations did not rule out that soldiers in the camp may have cooperated with the thieves.

Crimes are on the Rise

Data from Israeli courts indicate that gunfire are the main cause of death in 74% of all crimes committed between 2011 and 2019.

Between 2012 and 2019, the death rate in shooting incidents increased froM43% to 63 %, and 1542 Palestinians (from 1948 territories in Israel were killed between 2000 to 2020. According to Aman Center, this constitutes 80% of the total number of recorded killings during that period (in Israel).

Killing Methods by Years

Copy: أدوات القتل حسب السنوات
Infogram

Data issued by Israeli courts between 2003 and 2020 reveal that the so called 1948 Palestinians of Israel, have bought weapons from the army, and these were used as part of a business or to commit crimes. The source of weapons in all the monitored Palestinian cases was the Israeli army.

15\1\2016
5\1\2013
25\12\2018
10\2017
15\6\2016
28\1\2018
26\7\2020
Date : 15\1\2016
The Central Court

اسم المدعي

دولة اسرائيل

محامي المدعي

عينات بلنرو

اسم المدعى عليه

عمر ابو سبيط وفارس ابو الاطرش

محامي المدعى عليه

يفتاح ودوتان وبار تسيون واوزن

Case summary

Murder

Offenses

Murder in violation of Article (298) of the Penal Code and driving a car without a license or insurance

Facts about the Case

Mohammad is the brother of the defendant Omar. At midnight one day, Mohammad got in trouble with others and called his brother for help. Omar came with his friend Faris and got into an altercation with the young men. Then, they chased the victim’s car and Omar opened fire at the vehicle. The victim was shot in the head, and he died instantly.

Type and number of weapons

16

Bought from the army: (Yes, No)

The killer is a soldier who used his weapon licensed through the army, with the serial number (3275324)

The verdict

Omar received a 12-year sentence with a compensation fee of 30,000 Shekels, and Faris was sentenced to 24 months

Observations

File number 16832-04-16

Date of The verdict

2017

Date : 5\1\2013
The Supreme Court

اسم المدعي

دولة اسرائيل

محامي المدعي

عينات بلنرو

اسم المدعى عليه

عمر ابو سبيط وفارس ابو الاطرش

محامي المدعى عليه

يفتاح ودوتان وبار تسيون واوزن

Case summary

Murder and attempted murder

Offenses

Murder in violation of Article (300) and attempted murder in violation of Article (305)

Facts about the Case

On May 1, 2013, the defendant and his friend chased the victim and his friend, Yousef Juma’a who is the complainant. They fired several shots towards them, which killed the victim and the seriously injured Youssef.

Type and number of weapons

m 16

Bought from the army: (Yes, No)

The source is unknown

The verdict

Arrest until the procedures are completed

Observations

File number 2396/17

Date of The verdict

16\5\2013

Date : 25\12\2018
Central Court

اسم المدعي

دولة اسرائيل

محامي المدعي

عينات بلنرو

اسم المدعى عليه

عمر ابو سبيط وفارس ابو الاطرش

محامي المدعى عليه

يفتاح ودوتان وبار تسيون واوزن

Case summary

Murder

Offenses

Murder in violation of Article (300), causing serious injuries in violation of Item (301) and possession of a weapon in violation of Article (144).

Facts about the Case

The person was killed due to a family dispute: The defendant followed the victim from his workplace to his place of residence in Umm al-Fahm and fired at him, which led to his death.

Type and number of weapons

M16 rifle

Bought from the army: (Yes, No)

The source is unknown

The verdict

until the procedures are completed

Observations

number 19-02-37070

Date of The verdict

11\6\2019

Date : 10\2017
The Supreme Court

اسم المدعي

دولة اسرائيل

محامي المدعي

عينات بلنرو

اسم المدعى عليه

عمر ابو سبيط وفارس ابو الاطرش

محامي المدعى عليه

يفتاح ودوتان وبار تسيون واوزن

Case summary

Murder

Offenses

Murder in violation of Article (300), causing serious injuries in violation of Item (301) and possession of a weapon in violation of Article (144).

Facts about the Case

The person was killed due to a family dispute: The defendant went to the victim’s yard and fired several shots, which killed the victim and injured a woman in her eye.

Type and number of weapons

M16 rifle

Bought from the army: (Yes, No)

The source is unknown

The verdict

Arrest until the procedures are completed

Observations

The forensic doctor determined that the bullet came from an M16 Date of the verdict: 6/8/2018

Date of The verdict

6\8\2018

Date : 15\1\2016
The Central Court

اسم المدعي

دولة اسرائيل

محامي المدعي

عينات بلنرو

اسم المدعى عليه

عمر ابو سبيط وفارس ابو الاطرش

محامي المدعى عليه

يفتاح ودوتان وبار تسيون واوزن

Case summary

Murder

Offenses

Murder in violation of Article (298) and causing serious injuries in violation of Article (329)

Facts about the Case

Murder due to a woman’s quarrel with her neighbor and due to the intervention of men. The criminal fired 19 shots towards the victim’s house, which killed him and wounded others.

Type and number of weapons

M16 rifle

Bought from the army: (Yes, No)

---

The verdict

21 years in prison

Observations

File number 53923-09-16

Date of The verdict

14\12\2017

Date : 28\1\2018
The Supreme Court

اسم المدعي

دولة اسرائيل

محامي المدعي

عينات بلنرو

اسم المدعى عليه

عمر ابو سبيط وفارس ابو الاطرش

محامي المدعى عليه

يفتاح ودوتان وبار تسيون واوزن

Case summary

Murder

Offenses

Murder in violation of Article (298) and causing serious injuries in violation of Article (329)

Facts about the Case

Two people were killed and injured due to a quarrel among young men

Type and number of weapons

M16 rifle

Bought from the army: (Yes, No)

The source is unknown

The verdict

Arrest until the procedures are completed

Observations

File number 17-13-4848

Date of The verdict

27\2\19

Date : 26\7\2020
The Central Court

اسم المدعي

دولة اسرائيل

محامي المدعي

عينات بلنرو

اسم المدعى عليه

عمر ابو سبيط وفارس ابو الاطرش

محامي المدعى عليه

يفتاح ودوتان وبار تسيون واوزن

Case summary

Murder

Offenses

Murder in violation of Article (300)

Facts about the Case

Murder due to a family feud

Type and number of weapons

M16 rifle

Bought from the army: (Yes, No)

---

The verdict

Arrest until the procedures are completed

Observations

File number 20-08-35408

Date of The verdict

20\8\2020

There has been dozens of shooting cases using M16 rifles; one of these was recorded in January 2021. Shots were fired at a car in the town of Kafr Qara, which led to the death of Suleiman Masarweh and caused serious injuries to Saher Hosheh from Jenin. Saher died of his wounds later.

The 1948 Palestinians in Israel organized protests against such crimes, the complicity of the Israeli police and its failure to confiscate weapons. Thousands of people in various towns in the 1948 territories participated in these protests.

Israeli Channel 12 aired a report revealing unguarded artillery camp where weapons were available openly for anyone who finds them as there was no soldiers guarding that camp.

Another source of guns are the weapons smuggled into the 1948 Palestinian neighborhoods in Israel. This comes amid calls to implement government plans that are not enforced. The latest of these plans drew criticism from the (Arab Israelis) or the 1948 Palestinians in Israel, as the plan does not line up with their needs or align with any previous ones they presented through committees and research. It only mentioned the budget and the ministries that would implement the plan and did not touch on the topic of weapons.

The number of victims is increasing steadily; in 2020, there were 113 such recorded incidents, while in 2010 the number of victims reached 80.

The Israeli Authorities Turn a Blind Eye

The refusal of the Israeli authorities to disclose any information regarding weapons and crime in the 1948 Palestinian populated areas in Israel, prompted us to go to Ayman Odeh, the Arab Member of the Knesset to table a question to the Israeli Minister of Public Security at the Knesset regular cabinet interrogation session.

The Israeli minister reply was that the number of reported shooting incidents in 2019 reached 9,400. In the same year, ninety-five 1948 Palestinians living in Israel were killed, and indictments were issued in only thirty-six of them.

The minister pointed out that the campaign to confiscate weapons only resulted in collecting 285 pieces in 2019. In a session held in early November 2020, he said that the campaigns were on hold in 2020 due to the pandemic, but their budget had been allocated.

Despite the repeated question by the member of the Knesset, Ayman Odeh, the type of weapons used in the crime was not disclosed.

Why Palestinians Living in Israel Resort to Weapons Smuggling?

1948 Palestinians living in Israel cannot own licensed guns due to the complex rules and regulations related to buying and selling them.

In 2015, the Israeli Minister of Public Security published the criteria required for any citizen to obtain a gun license. One of the most important is to be living in an eligible town, such as a settlement or in one of the border towns and this does not apply to the 1948 Palestinians in Israel. Additionally, service in the Israeli army is one of the most important conditions. The standards of using licensed weapons are limited to hunting, sports, or training.

According to the published statistics, the number of licenses granted between 2016 and 2018 among the settlers increased, but the 1948 Palestinians in Israel generally do not meet the criteria, hence they resort to buying smuggled or stolen weapons.

In 2018, the Israeli Minister of Public Security stated that 80% of unlicensed weapons in Israel are in the hands of Arabs and that these weapons were used in committing more than 70% of the crimes in their neighborhood. Approximately 2,500 cases are filed annually related to the illegal possession of weapons.

The investigator sent several requests for information on crimes committed with unlicensed weapons to the police, but to date no response was received.

Official Israeli reports reveal that most of the weapons confiscated by the Israeli police are used again in other crimes, which confirms what M.B. told the investigator.

The 1948 Palestinians in Israel and Weapons

73% of the respondents believe that the rise in crime rates among the the 1948 Palestinians living in Israel is due to the inaction of the Israeli police. 209 Israeli citizens from the 1948 Palestinian community took part in the survey: 15% of them believe that the Israeli army is the source of the weapons while 76 % of the respondents believe that the penalty for possessing a weapon is not severe enough.

An ad hoc Israeli Knesset committee had discussed an initial draft of a plan that would curb the scourge of violence in the 1948 Palestinian areas without involving any of the community. The proliferation of weapons and their sources were discussed only superficially.

Legal and Illegal Weapons

According to the Gun Free Kitchen Tables report issued in 2017, the number of licensed guns in Israel stood at 320,000. A 2015 statement by the Israeli Minister of Public Security announced that the number of illegal weapons in 2014 amounted to 400,000 pieces. There are no updated statistics even now, more than five years later. The Ministry of Public Security does not disclose this data, and no entity has any official data on the matter.

The investigator obtained data from the Right to Access Information Association: The number of new weapons licensed in Israel between 2016 and 2018 was about 25,000 guns. These figures do not include those whose licenses have expired, and there is no data showing the number of new weapons or even the newly granted licenses.

In 2015, former Minister of Homeland Security Gilad Erdan admitted that 80% of unlicensed weapons enter circulation as licensed weapons. Member of the Knesset Sondus Saleh commented on this with, “No one knows where these weapons end up or whether they will reach unauthorized entities.”

According to the 2017 State Comptroller’s report, shootings in the Jewish circles increased by 17.5%, and the violent use of weapons went up 12 times in the Jewish sector. 95% of the total number of shooting cases in Israel were among the 1948 Palestinian community in Israel.

The State Comptroller also points out that more than 70% of the total number of crimes were committed by people without prior criminal records.

Other data indicate that a thousand shooting incidents were recorded between 2015 and 2017. According to Member of the Knesset Yousef Jabarin, six offences were filed, and all these cases were in Umm Al-Fahm.

Aman Center indicates that 80% of the killings were carried out with a firearm that had nothing to do with organized crime, and this confirms that the availability of weapons and not organized crime is the real reason for the high number of victims.

Since 2000, 1,596 Palestinians have been killed in Israel:
2014
51 victims 43 men and 8 women
2015
58 victims 44 men and 14 women
2016
64 victims 10 men and 44 women
2017
72 victims 62 men and 10 women
2018
76 victims 62 men and 10 women
2019
96 victims 85 men and 11 women
2020
113 victims 79 men and 17 women
Since the beginning of 2021
79 victims all of them men
Source: Data from Aman

Inconsistencies in the Data of the Israeli Army

The Israeli army published contradictory data about the numbers of soldiers accused of stealing weapons. On its website, the army reported that 117 light pieces were stolen between 2011 and 2018. This data does not cover 2012 due to the war on Gaza.

The Israeli authorities filed a request to access information about the soldiers convicted from 2008 until September 2019: This report states that the number of soldiers convicted of theft amounted to 221. There was no response to the request for publishing detailed data of such incidents for each year.

Data on Soldiers’ Offenses

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2019

2020

Rulings
  • The indictment list in all the cases
  • Judicial rulings (included in the above cases)
  • Illegal use of weapons
  • Theft (stolen items are not specified)
  • Removing or theft of a property
  • Brandishing weapons and gear
  • Not guarding property
  • Not guarding weapons
  • Other violations
Number
5216
5192
68
97
7
14
7
7
102
Rulings
  • The indictment list in all the cases
  • Judicial rulings (included in the above cases)
  • Illegal use of weapons
  • Theft (stolen items are not specified)
  • Removing or theft of a property
  • Brandishing weapons and gear
  • Not guarding property
  • Not guarding weapons
  • Other violations
Number
4866
4791
66
-
87
21
5
7
85
Rulings
  • The indictment list in all the cases
  • Judicial rulings (included in the above cases)
  • Illegal use of weapons
  • Theft (stolen items are not specified)
  • Removing or theft of a property
  • Brandishing weapons and gear
  • Not guarding property
  • Not guarding weapons
  • Other violations
Number
4553
4319
44
-
78
10
1
3
107
Rulings
  • The indictment list in all the cases
  • Judicial rulings (included in the above cases)
  • Illegal use of weapons
  • Theft (stolen items are not specified)
  • Removing or theft of a property
  • Brandishing weapons and gear
  • Not guarding property
  • Not guarding weapons
  • Other violations
Number
4188
3931
41
-
72
16
2
8
85
Rulings
  • The indictment list in all the cases
  • Judicial rulings (included in the above cases)
  • Illegal use of weapons
  • Theft (stolen items are not specified)
  • Removing or theft of a property
  • Brandishing weapons and gear
  • Not guarding property
  • Not guarding weapons
  • Other violations
Number
3732
3339
32
-
73
20
2
4
64
Rulings
  • The indictment list in all the cases
  • Judicial rulings (included in the above cases)
  • Illegal use of weapons
  • Theft (stolen items are not specified)
  • Removing or theft of a property
  • Brandishing weapons and gear
  • Not guarding property
  • Not guarding weapons
  • Other violations
Number
3623
3238
37
-
76
14
-
-
86
Rulings
  • The indictment list in all the cases
  • Judicial rulings (included in the above cases)
  • Illegal use of weapons
  • Theft (stolen items are not specified)
  • Removing or theft of a property
  • Brandishing weapons and gear
  • Not guarding property
  • Not guarding weapons
  • Other violations
Number
5216
5192
97
97
7
14
7
7
102
Rulings
  • The indictment list in all the cases
  • Judicial rulings (included in the above cases)
  • Illegal use of weapons
  • Theft (stolen items are not specified)
  • Removing or theft of a property
  • Brandishing weapons and gear
  • Not guarding property
  • Not guarding weapons
  • Other violations
Number
3232
2651
15
-
51
22
-
-
186
Rulings
  • The indictment list in all the cases
  • Judicial rulings (included in the above cases)
  • Illegal use of weapons
  • Theft (stolen items are not specified)
  • Removing or theft of a property
  • Brandishing weapons and gear
  • Not guarding property
  • Not guarding weapons
  • Other violations
Number
2769
2318
56
-
غير متوفر
غير متوفر
غير متوفر
-
192
Rulings
  • The indictment list in all the cases
  • Judicial rulings (included in the above cases)
  • Illegal use of weapons
  • Theft (stolen items are not specified)
  • Removing or theft of a property
  • Brandishing weapons and gear
  • Not guarding property
  • Not guarding weapons
  • Other violations
Number
2138
1515
52
-
غير متوفر
غير متوفر
35
غير متوفر
122

The response of the Israeli army highlighted an amendment made by the Military Advocate General in October 2018.

Under the amendment, soldiers accused of stealing weapons cannot face indictment; this would only happen in certain cases after examining their rank, the reasons for the theft and the background.

Israeli Army Reports on Stolen Weapons

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

2020

Stolen Weapons
  • Tavor
  • M4
  • M16
  • Machine guns
  • Glock pistols
  • Jericho pistols
  • Civilian pistols
  • 365 pistols
  • Other
Number of Weapons
23
9
40
5
3
2
-
-
1
Stolen Weapons
  • Tavor
  • M4
  • M16
  • Machine guns
  • Glock pistols
  • Jericho pistols
  • Civilian pistols
  • 365 pistols
  • Other
Number of Weapons
7
16
33
5
1
-
1
-
4
Stolen Weapons
  • Tavor
  • M4
  • M16
  • Machine guns
  • Glock pistols
  • Jericho pistols
  • Civilian pistols
  • 365 pistols
  • Other
Number of Weapons
10
4
41
4
3
-
-
2
7
Stolen Weapons
  • Tavor
  • M4
  • M16
  • Machine guns
  • Glock pistols
  • Jericho pistols
  • Civilian pistols
  • 365 pistols
  • Other
Number of Weapons
13
8
60
5
2
-
-
-
7
Stolen Weapons
  • Tavor
  • M4
  • M16
  • Machine guns
  • Glock pistols
  • Jericho pistols
  • Civilian pistols
  • 365 pistols
  • Other
Number of Weapons
5
14
34
4
1
-
-
-
8
Stolen Weapons
  • Tavor
  • M4
  • M16
  • Machine guns
  • Glock pistols
  • Jericho pistols
  • Civilian pistols
  • 365 pistols
  • Other
Number of Weapons
7
9
25
3
1
1
1
-
16
Stolen Weapons
  • Tavor
  • M4
  • M16
  • Machine guns
  • Glock pistols
  • Jericho pistols
  • Civilian pistols
  • 365 pistols
  • Other
Number of Weapons
8
61
7
2
-
-
1
-
24